Nonprofits and the American Rescue Plan Act
Reprinted from the National Council of Nonprofits.
President Biden signed the American Rescue Plan Act [March 11, 2021], enacting one of the largest economic relief programs in U.S. history. It is now up to charitable nonprofits to utilize provisions of this new law that are designed to help their organizations and the people they serve survive and recover. … we recap the substance of the legislation, both the overarching portions and then focusing on nonprofit priorities. …
Big picture details
Big ticket items
The $1.9 trillion American Rescue Plan Act allocates funds through various programmatic areas, including:
|Stimulus Checks||$400 billion|
|State/Local Aid||$350 billion|
|Individual/Corporate Tax Credits||$160 billion|
|Vaccines & Testing||$125 billion|
The American Rescue Plan Act, among other things, provides an additional $125 billion in funding for COVID-19 vaccines, treatment, and testing; approves $1,400 stimulus checks per person for most individuals and families; extends additional federal unemployment benefits into September and exempts more than $10,000 in these benefits from federal income taxation; increases the child tax credit and earned income tax credit; and extends the tax credit for nonprofits and other employers that voluntarily provide paid sick leave and paid family and medical leave through September 30, 2021. The law also provides more funding for food assistance, housing and homelessness prevention, the Paycheck Protection Program and the Shuttered Venue Operator Grant program, childcare providers, arts and humanities organizations, the Corporation for National and Community Service, and assistance for nonprofits providing services to survivors of domestic violence and sexual assault.
Treatment of nonprofit priorities
With tens of millions more individuals and families turning to charitable nonprofits for help surviving the pandemic, the nonprofit community came together and advocated forcefully to be included in federal relief legislation. Here are some of the priorities that nonprofit advocacy secured in the American Rescue Plan Act:
- Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) Loans. The law adds $7.25 billion to the program and expands eligibility to nonprofits with more than 500 employees that operate at multiple locations as long as no more than 500 employees work at any one location. In a win for performing arts nonprofits, the bill allows them to apply for funds under both the PPP and Shuttered Venue Operators Grants (SVOG) program, although a SVOG grant would have to be reduced by the amount of any PPP loan. Although Congress just added billions for more PPP loans, it did not extend the March 31 deadline for submitting loan applications. …
- Federal Unemployment Coverage. This latest COVID relief package extends various federal benefits for unemployed workers through September 6, 2021, including a provision that increases from 50 percent to 75 percent the federal coverage of the unemployment costs of reimbursing nonprofits. The new law also provides continued coverage for self-employed workers and staff of religious and very small nonprofits.
- Aid to State, Local, Tribal, and Territorial Governments. The law provides $350 billion in aid but imposes restrictions on how governments may spend the funds. Permissible uses include providing “assistance to households, small businesses, and nonprofits, or aid to impacted industries,” funding services that governments cut due to declines in revenue brought on by the pandemic, and making “necessary investments” in water, sewer, or broadband infrastructure. The money may not be used to subsidize tax cuts or pay public pension obligations.
- Charitable Giving Incentives. The new law does not expand incentives for charitable giving, but on Tuesday, March 9, Senators and Representatives introduced the Universal Giving Pandemic Response and Recovery Act, 618 and H.R 1704. If enacted, the legislation would allow taxpayers who claim the standard deduction, rather than itemizing deductions, on their tax returns to take a deduction for charitable giving valued at up to one-third of the standard deduction (around $4,000 for an individual filer and $8,000 for married joint filers). This added giving incentive would be available for tax years 2021 and 2022.