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Is your nonprofit organization ‘grant-ready’? 

A group of colleagues having a discussion during a meeting.

Foundation grants can be one of several revenue streams in a nonprofit organization’s sustainable fundraising plan. In 2022, foundation funding accounted for about $105.21 billion, or 21% of total U.S. charitable giving. As a share of all revenue streams, including government funding, program revenue, and investment income, foundation and corporate grants made up 15.3%

Naturally, most nonprofits will try to secure a grant at some point. Candid offers many resources to support organizations in searching for funding opportunities, writing grant proposals, and standing out among applicants.  

But before you start seeking a grant, ask yourself: Is your organization really ready?   

Before you get started

Here are some basics you should be aware of before applying for grants: 

First, getting a grant is a labor- and time-intensive process. From the first phase of writing a proposal to actually receiving a check could take six to nine months. If you need funds immediately, a grant probably isn’t going to come through in time.  

Second, most grants (especially first-time grants) are restricted to program expenses. General operating support, or unrestricted grants, can be used to meet any organizational need, but those grants are largely the exception, rather than the rule. One of the first things you need to do, then, is to detail your expenses in a budget and determine what is eligible for grant funding.  

No one funder will offer all the funding you need for your program, so you’ll need to submit multiple grant proposals. Ask yourself if you have the bandwidth to prepare one or more proposals. It takes time to gather all the information funders typically expect in an effective proposal, as well as to conduct the pre- and post-application legwork to bolster your case. If you’re already understaffed, this is time you may not be able to give to this process. 

You should also be aware that when you apply for a grant, potential funders will likely want to look into the details of your work. Therefore, it’s important that your house be in order and that you are prepared to be transparent about your operations, strategy, finances, and staff. Would you be comfortable inviting a funder for a site visit? Are your staff and board ready to speak with a foundation representative about the organization’s priorities?  

The minimum requirements 

There are certain minimum requirements that most foundations look for in potential grantees. Here are a few: 

  1. Are you a 501(c)(3) organization as defined by the IRS? By law, foundations can only give to organizations if they are set up for a charitable purpose, as defined by the IRS. You’ll need to show potential funders your IRS letter of determination. You can learn more about filing for 501(c)(3) status here. While you’re at it, make sure your Candid profile is up to date. Many potential funders will consult it when they’re doing their due diligence. 
  1. Do you have a track record? Foundations want to see that you’ve been operating for a while and have an established track record of effective programs. Consequently, it’s difficult (though not impossible) for a brand-new organization to get a grant. Not only do you need to explain what you’ve accomplished, you also need to provide metrics and/or anecdotal evidence that your programs are making a difference. Be prepared to demonstrate that you are intimately familiar with the needs of your community and know that your services are meeting them.  
  1. Do you have capable leadership and an effective board? To show that your nonprofit will be a good steward of any grant funds received, you need to demonstrate that it’s a well-run organization with sound governance. You may need to present your overall operating budget and audited financial statements. Potential funders may also want to know whether your board members understand their responsibilities and whether you have good HR practices in place. If your nonprofit is new, you can strengthen your case by highlighting your leadership’s previous track record at other organizations. 
  1. Are you already financially viable?  Funders like to see that potential grantees have a diverse revenue stream. Most grant periods last only a year or two, so you will need to secure other sources of support—other grants, individual donors, or perhaps earned revenue.  

Have you determined that you meet the minimum requirements? The next steps in seeking a grant include identifying and researching potential funders and crafting proposals. Candid offers numerous resources to help with those tasks, starting with Foundation Directory. But first, make sure you meet funders’ basic requirements and are ready to invite funders to examine the inner workings of your organization. Seeking a grant takes time, effort, and resources. Set yourself up for success by making sure you’re ready to start the process. And once you get that first grant, it should get easier to secure additional grant funding to advance your mission. All that preparation will have been well worth it. 

Photo credit: Hispanolistic via gettyimages


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  • Md Abul Kashem says:

    May 23, 2024 9:00 am


  • Freddie ThompsonEsters says:

    May 10, 2024 12:34 pm

    Thank you for the educational information shared. This informational sharing was most beneficial to share with my non-profit organization.

  • Kate, Digital Communications Manager, Candid says:

    May 9, 2024 10:40 am

    Candid's Foundation Directory is a great place to explore potential funders.

  • Phumzile Dlamini says:

    May 8, 2024 2:06 pm

    Would like to build a Rural community Hospital in Swaziland . Is it possible for me to get funding for such a project? There is only a land I have about 50 hectares which I am donating to the community project.

  • Kate, Digital Communications Manager, Candid says:

    May 6, 2024 1:15 pm

    Candid does not suggest specific funders or funding opportunities. But we can point you to resources that should help you in your funding search. You can check out our Knowledge Base for information on getting grants and finding donors.

  • Linda Norris says:

    May 2, 2024 9:28 pm

    Hello, What is the best source of funding to look for if you are a 501C6 organization?

  • Jun Xu, MD says:

    April 24, 2024 2:24 pm

    Hi, I am the chairman of Africacriesout, a 501C (3) in Connecticut, I am interested in hiring someone to write a grant for us, please contact me. Thank you!

    My website:

  • Kate, Digital Communications Manager, Candid says:

    April 17, 2024 1:26 pm

    We cannot recommend a grantwriter, however, we do have free resources to help you in your search. Visit our page: Where can I find technical assistance or a consultant for my nonprofit?

  • Kate, Digital Communications Manager, Candid says:

    April 17, 2024 1:24 pm

    Hi Roy, in Foundation Directory you can do advanced search and look for organizations that provide general support for nonprofits.

  • Michele C says:

    April 15, 2024 10:31 am

    Great article Lori. You hit all the key high level points. I am currently taking a grant writing course that will enable me to sit for the Grant Writing Professional Certification exam. You are spot on with your comments.

    Thanks again for Sharing

  • edna johnson says:

    April 11, 2024 7:34 pm

    Thank you for such valuable information. Can to recommend a grant writer?

  • Roy Davis says:

    April 11, 2024 5:55 pm

    Thanks, Lori.

    Our non-profit has all the requirements, but finding those who will fund basic operating expenses is also a challenge, especially IT funding. Can the Foundation Directory help with these?

  • Yulonda T. Griffin says:

    April 11, 2024 2:59 pm

    Hi Lori

    I really enjoyed your article; thanks for the information. We are a newly found organization; we are now in our third year and just received our first micro grant of $500.00. I'm excited and grateful for education such as yours. Keep up the good work; small nonprofits need you.

    Dr. G

  • Josias Ali Djimet says:

    April 11, 2024 8:23 am

    Our mission to work among the unreached people. We are from Chad. "Mouvement des Disciples Lumière des Nations (MDLN)

  • Elise Saltzberg says:

    April 11, 2024 8:16 am

    Thank you for this. So many nonprofits are "do-gooders" who are well-meaning but are NOT grant-ready.

  • jane says:

    April 1, 2024 12:27 pm

    What about a 501(c)3 working as the FIRST advocates for fusion as an emerging an critical climate energy solution? We are ahead of the foundations and philanthropy supporting reneables and conservation, bringing forward fusion as an energy source which will benefit all, IF we understand and are prepared to manufacture, site, build and replace the fossil fuel industry. The many early fusion companies are seeing billions from climate and clean energy focused billionaires, who are often the leaders of large foundation decision making, however, in this space they are linear, investing with out the abating the public push back with advocates such as ECG.